QUESTIONS & SOLUTIONS

📶1. The second ballot is based on the principle that a successful candidate must obtain

A. absolute majority
B. simple majority
C. forty percent of the votes
D. fifty percent of the votes

Correct Option: A

SOLUTION:

A Second Ballot System is introduced in an election when none of the candidates wins the election by absolute majority in a general election. In that case, another election would be conducted. In this second ballot, only the candidates with the highest votes are allowed to contest.

Second Ballot is based on the principle that a successful candidate must win with Absolute Majority
Absolute Majority System on the other hand simply refers to a system of voting in which a candidate must acquire more than half of the total vote cast before he can be declared winner.

📶2. The tenure of the president of the UN Security Council is

A. one month
B. six months
C. two years
D. one year

Correct Option: A

SOLUTION:

The permanent members are elected by the council and general assembly for a term of two years. The president of the security council of the United Nations is held for one month and this is done in rotation.

📶3. Political authority is vested in the_________

A. state
B. judiciary
C. government
D.armed forces

Correct Option: C

📶4. Unicameral legislatures are popular in

A. unitary system
B. federal system
C. B. cofederal
D. rigid system

Correct Option: B

📶5. In the cabinet system of government, individual responsibility of ministers means that __

A. only ministers can be held responsible for errors

B. a minister must hold his subordinates responsible for his failures

C. the prime ministers can remove an erring minister

D.no individual can be held responsible for government decisions

Correct Option: A

SOLUTION:

Individual Ministerial Responsibility is a constitutional convention that makes Government Ministers responsible for not only their own actions, but also for those of their department.

📶6. A society that is politically organized under a government is called

A. sovereign state
B. community
C. national state
D. polity

Correct Option: D

SOLUTION:

A polity is an organized society, such as a nation, city, or church, together with its government and administration.

📶7. In the Oyo empire, the Alaafin was

A. an absolute monarch
B. popularly elected
C. a constitutional monarch
D.worshipped as a deity

Correct Option: A

📶8. Nigeria broke diplomatic relations with France in 1961 because of_________

A. her poor relations with the Francophone countries

B. France atomic test in the sahara desert

C. France diplomatic relations with Israel

D.General de-Gaulle’s negative attitude towards her

Correct Option: B

SOLUTION:

Nigeria had to break diplomatic ties with France in 1961 after France detonated an atomic bomb near Reggane, in the middle of the Algerian Sahara desert on 13 February 1960, during the Algerian War (1954–62).

📶9. In 1991, the African Economic Community Treaty was signed in

A. Addis Ababa
B. Abuja
C. Lome
D. Tripoli

Correct Option: B

SOLUTION:

The African Economic Community (AEC) is an organization of African Union states establishing grounds for mutual economic development among the majority of African states. The stated goals of the organization include the creation of free trade areas, customs unions, a single market, a central bank, and a common currency thus establishing an economic and monetary union.

📶10. Based on its objectives, the Organization of African Unity can primarily be classified as

A. a social organization

B. a political organization

C. a cultural organization
D. an economic organization

Correct Option: B

📶11. The Premier of Western region immediately after Independence was __

A. Chief Obafemi Awolowo

B. Chief Ladoke Akintola

C. Chief Dr. M.A. Majelkodunmi
D. Alhaji D.S. Adegbenro

Correct Option: B

SOLUTION:

Nigeria gain her independence on 1 October 1960 and became a republic on 1 October 1963.

The Premier of Western region immediately after Independence was Chief Samuel Ladoke Akintola.

📶12.
A typical form of delegated legislation is

A. acts of parliaments
B. decree
C. bye-law
D. gazette

Correct Option: C

SOLUTION:

Delegated legislation is the act of transferring power and functions through the acts of parliament to other organisations such as ministers, local governments, public corporations etc. Laws made by these bodies are referred to as bye-laws.

Bye-Laws are rules and regulations made by local government authorities or local councils, public corporations and other similar bodies for the smooth running of their responsibility. These bye-laws have effects only within the areas of jurisdiction of these authorities that made them.

📶13. A major feature of the system of government in the Sokoto Caliphate was that

A it was based on customs and traditions

B. it was theocratic
C. it was democratic
D. power was effectively decentralized

Correct Option: B

SOLUTION:

Theocracy, government by divine guidance or by officials who are regarded as divinely guided. In many theocracies, government leaders are members of the clergy, and the state’s legal system is based on religious law. Theocratic rule was typical of early civilizations.

📶14. The goal of the theory of separation of power is to

A. make the executive dependent on the legislative

B. give more powers to the legislative

C. protect individual liberty
D. creates efficiency in the judiciary

Correct Option: C

SOLUTION:

Separation of powers, refers to the division of responsibilities (eg. government responsibilities) into distinct branches to limit any one branch from exercising the core functions of another. The main goal of separation of power is to prevent the concentration of power and provide for checks and balances.

📶15. The first executive president of Nigeria was_________

A. Dr. Nnamdi Azikiwe
B. Sir Abubakar Tafawa Balewa

C. General Yakubu Gowon
D. Alhaji Shehu Shagari

Correct Option: D

SOLUTION:

Shehu Usman Aliyu Shagari was the first president of the federal republic of Nigeria during the second republic (between the years 1979 and 1983). His government was overthrown by the military.

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